Note to teachers: if you are willing to share a successful teaching unit based on one of my books and have it posted here, please Contact me.
Teachers– if you would like me to e-mail you the answers to The Broken Blade 15-page study guide listed below, feel free to send me an e-mail.
Special thanks to the teachers from the following schools who’ve shared their classroom ideas: Waseca Junior High School; New Prague Middle School; Owatonna Middle School; Jeffers School in Painesdale, Michigan; Michaelson Middle School, Brookings, South Dakota; and Little Falls Community Middle School in Little Falls, Minnesota.
Step-by-step tips on using a novel for a School-wide Reading Program [MS Word]
Voyageur Resources for studying The Broken Blade & Wintering
Grapic Novel Version of The Broken Blade: From August, 1999 through May, 2002, Boy’s Life magazine published a 27-episode illustrated version of The Broken Blade. The first episode can be accessed here: August, 1999. Select The Broken Blade in the table of contents or scroll down to page 56. Additional back issues can be found at Boy’s Life.
White Oak Society: Includes many links to a wide variety of fur trade resources: http://www.whiteoakhistoricalsociety.org/historical-library/fur-trade/
Fur Trade at Lachine, Montreal Historical Site Includes teaching activities.
Building a Birch Bark Canoe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27VZtSl02B8
A PowerPoint with information about the White Oak Fur Post in Deer River, MN.
Credit: Connie Quirk, Mickelson Middle School, Brookings, South Dakota.
A History of the Voyageurs Making the Voyageur’s World, Travelers and Traders in the North American Fur Trade, by Carolyn Podruchny.
Complete BROKEN BLADE Study Guide, 22 Pages [PDF – Large File – 6.8 MB] Owatonna Middle School, Owatonna, MN
THE BROKEN BLADE study guide, 11 pages [MS Word]
THE BROKEN BLADE test [MS Word] from Schoolcraft Learning Community, Bemidji, MN
THE BROKEN BLADE Response Packet [MS Word]
THE BROKEN BLADE Review [MS Word]
WINTERING reading response packet [MS Word] from New Prague Middle School
WINTERING study guide [MS Word]
Heartistry Music Has both voyageur and lumberjack music.
Bibliography of Fur Trade Era Journals & Nonfiction
The Voyageur by Grace Lee Nute
Fur Trade Canoe Routes of Canada by Eric Morse
Daniel Harmon’s Journal 1810-1819
The Journals of Sir Alexander MacKenzie, 1789 & 1793
My First Years in the Fur Trade, George Nelson Journal 1802
David Thompson’s Narrative edited by J.B. Tyrrell
A Journey to the Northern Ocean by Samuel Hearne
A Narrative of the Captivity and Adventures of John Tanner
Modern Stories of Canoe Journeys
Canoeing with the Cree by Eric Sevaried, 1935
Portage into the Past by Arnold Boltz, 1958
The Singing Wilderness by Sigurd Olson, 1956
Note: Cross-curricular, school-wide units on The Broken Blade and Wintering often include studies of fur trade history (life in the Great Lakes basin 1600-1850), geography (fur trading posts and routes), sociology (cultural interaction among the Ojibwe, French-Canadian, and British) economics (market forces that drove the fur trade), foreign language (Ojibwe and French studies), literature (contemporary and historical pieces), creative writing and art (lots of possibilities), music (fur trade songs), physical education (cardio vascular effort of paddling and portaging), health (diet of fur traders), biology (ecosystems of lakes and rivers), mathematics/physics (forces required to paddle a 36 ft. canoe with 8,000 lb. load), shop class (building a model of a voyageur canoe), home economics (food preparation and fashion trends).
Ybor City Museum Tampa, Florida
Blackwater Ben & Dead Man’s Rapids, Logging History Resources
Daylight in the Swamp by Robert W. Wells, NorthWord Press, Inc., Minocqua, Wisconsin (1978).
Early Loggers in Minnesota, Volumes I-IV by J.C. Ryan, Minnesota Timber Producers Association, Duluth, Minnesota (1973-1986).
Holy Old Mackinaw by Stewart H. Holbrook, Macmillan, New York (1956).
History of the White Pine Industry in Minnesota by Agnes Larson,
Arno Press, New York, (1972).
The Loggers by Richard Williams, Little Brown & Company, New York (1976).
The Maine Woods by Henry David Thoreau, Penguin USA, New York (1988).
Tall Timber: a Pictorial History of Logging in the Upper Midwest, by Tom Bacig and Fred Thompson, Voyageur Press, Bloomington, Minnesota (1982).
Timber! by Ben Rajala, North Star Press, St. Cloud, Minnesota (1991).
Under the Tarpaper by J.C. Ryan, St. Louis County Historical Society, Duluth, Minnesota (1985).
Blackwater Ben & Dead Man’s Rapids classroom activities
Lumberjack Study Guide for my short story, “Sweat Pads, Logging Berries, and Blackjack,” published in the Minnesota Conservation Volunteer magazine, November 2008
Blackwater Ben study guide (thanks to Little Falls Community Middle School) [MS Word]
POST-test [MS Word]
Draw critter [MS Word]
study guide KEY [MS Word]
Letter writing assign [MS Word]
Jeopardy questions [MS Word]
Friendly letter format [MS Word]
Skeleton notes for Blackwater [MS Word]
Forest History Organizations
The Forest History Center Ideal for class field trips. Costumed interpreters make it seem like you are traveling back in time to a real 19th century logging camp.
2609 County Road 76
Grand Rapids, MN 55744
The Minnesota Historical Society,
345 W. Kellogg Blvd.
St. Paul, MN 55102-1906
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service,
USDA Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C. 20090-6090
The Darkest Evening
They Took My Father by Mayme Sevander, Univ. of MN Press
Karelia, A Finnish-American Couple in Stalin’s Russia by Lawrence and Sylvia Hokkanen
Vocab – Darkest Evening [MS Word]
Compare working conditions – MN & Russia [MS Word]
Quote Research template [MS Word]
Quote Research template – examples [MS Word]
Study Guide [MS Word]
Test [MS Word]
The Winter War
An ideal companion for my Winter War novel is the documentary film
Fire and Ice, available from Masterworks Studio. http://media.wfyi.org/fireandice/
Watch the complete version of the Fire and Ice film here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WR2FqMUVZzc
A Winter War re-enactor site with great photos and technical
A complete history of the Winter War, including a comprehensive timeline, news
stories, and archival photos: http://www.winterwar.com/
Photo collection of Winter War http://www.ww2incolor.com/finnish_forces/